People with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity should read the specific manufacturer information when purchasing garments made of Lyocell. The cellulose molecules in the fibres are aligned using a unique air blasting technique.
History and Manufacturing Process
Tencel is made from cellulose in wood pulp, which is harvested from tree-farmed trees. Cellulose is the natural polymer that makes up the living cells of all vegetation. The tree farms have been established on land unsuitable for food crops or grazing. Production plant emissions are significantly lower in comparison to many other human-made fiber operations.
The closed loop process process used to manufacture Lyocell fiber does not require bleach, which is commonly used in the production of other fabrics. It is difficult for dyes to bind to Lyocell fiber, and some manufacturers might use a variety of chemical processes, enzyme baths, and dye treatments which might, or might not, be eco-friendly.
People with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity should read the specific manufacturer information when purchasing garments made of Lyocell. In blends, the natural qualities of Tencel complement those of wool, cotton, linen, silk, polyester, elastane, and nylon, and enhance their inherent properties. Blended with wool, Tencel introduces new softness and drape; blended with cotton and linen, it increases suppleness and lustre. With stretchy fabrics, it lends a quality of softness and shape retention.
Garments made from Tencel include pants, shirts, suits, skirts and leggings. New garment applications are being introduced with advances in fiber enhancements and blends. One of the properties of Tencel is its potential to fibrillate.
Fibrillation is where the wet fiber, through abrasive action, develops micro-fibrils or tiny fibers on its surface see micro photo, right top. By manipulating or controlling fibrillation, a variety of different fabric finishes may be achieved.
Lyocell is a form of rayon which consists of cellulose fibre made from dissolving pulp bleached wood pulp using dry jet-wet spinning. It was developed beginning in by a team at the now defunct American Enka fibers facility at Enka, North Carolina. Millson Award for Invention. The operating name for the fibre inside the Enka Organization was "Newcell", and the development was carried through pilot plant scale before the work was halted.
In Courtaulds was acquired by Akzo Nobel , who combined the Tencel division with other fibre divisions under the Acordis banner, prior to selling them off to private equity CVC Partners. As of [update] , Lenzing's Tencel brand is perhaps the most widely known lyocell fiber producer throughout the world. The US Federal Trade Commission defines Lyocell as a fibre "composed of cellulose precipitated from an organic solution in which no substitution of the hydroxyl groups takes place and no chemical intermediates are formed".
It classifies the fibre as a sub-category of rayon. As of [update] , Lyocell is more expensive to produce than cotton or viscose rayon. It is used in many everyday fabrics. Staple fibres are used in clothes such as denim , chino , underwear, casual wear, and towels. Lyocell can be blended with a variety of other fibres such as silk , cotton, rayon, polyester, linen , nylon , and wool. Lyocell is also used in conveyor belts , specialty papers , and medical dressings.
Lyocell shares many properties with other cellulosic fibres such as cotton , linen , ramie and viscose rayon. Some main characteristics of lyocell fibres are that they are soft, absorbent, very strong when wet or dry, and resistant to wrinkles. Lyocell fabric can be machine washed or drycleaned and can be dyed many colors. It drapes well and can simulate a variety of textures such as suede , leather , and silk.
Being bio-degradable and strong, apart from beautiful, Tencel is attractive for several reasons. Find out more about it here. The stainable factors of this fabric are simply outstanding. Through a solvent-spinning process, cellulose is directly dissolved in a solvent containing […].
Your email address will not be published. I'd like to receive monthly round ups of the latest articles. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Sign up for monthly emails, hand crafted with key information including: Fabric August 21, posted by Charlie Ross. Did you know Tencel is actually a brand name? It is also known as Lyocell! Tencel is completely biodegradable!
stories and promotion
Despite my less than optimistic expectations, I stumbled upon what I needed in an unexpected material: Tencel, a fiber made from cellulose found in wood pulp. Created by Austrian textile giant Lenzing, Tencel is actually a branded version of a similar fiber, lyocell. Tencel Fabric (Lyocell) from nature to your closet What is Tencel? Tencel fabric is an amazing eco friendly fabric that represents a milestone in the development of environmentally sustainable textiles. Tencel is a natural, man made fibre which is also referred to as Lyocell. However, Tencel -- the brand name of lyocell fiber -- deserves equal consideration for its versatility, affordability and environmentally-conscious production process. Considered a game-changer by its manufacturer, Lenzing Fibers Incorporated, the fabric claims to be both eco-friendly and economical.